Installing MariaDB 10.6 alongside MySQL 8.0.26 on Red Hat 8.5

Installing MariaDB 10.6 alongside MySQL 8.0.26 on Red Hat 8.5

In this article, we are installing MariaDB alongside MySQL as seen on this article.

Execute the following commands to install MySQL 8.

[email protected]:/home/dbuser>
$ sudo yum install @mysql
[email protected]:/home/dbuser>
$ sudo systemctl enable --now mysqld

[email protected]:/home/dbuser>
$ sudo systemctl status mysqld
ā— mysqld.service - MySQL 8.0 database server
   Loaded: loaded (/usr/lib/systemd/system/mysqld.service; enabled; vendor preset: disabled)
   Active: active (running) since Fri 2022-01-28 15:29:03 GMT; 4min 56s ago
 Main PID: 4839 (mysqld)
   Status: "Server is operational"
    Tasks: 38 (limit: 23692)
   Memory: 409.2M
   CGroup: /system.slice/mysqld.service
           ā””ā”€4839 /usr/libexec/mysqld --basedir=/usr

We connect to MySQL 8.0.26

[email protected]:/home/dbuser>
$ sudo mysql
Welcome to the MySQL monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MySQL connection id is 10
Server version: 8.0.26 Source distribution

Copyright (c) 2000, 2021, Oracle and/or its affiliates.

Oracle is a registered trademark of Oracle Corporation and/or its
affiliates. Other names may be trademarks of their respective
owners.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

mysql> select version () ;
+------------+
| version () |
+------------+
| 8.0.26     |
+------------+
1 row in set (0.00 sec)

mysql>

Once MySQL is up and running.

$ ps axf | grep mysqld
   4996 pts/0    S+     0:00  |           \_ grep --color=auto mysqld
   4839 ?        Ssl    0:01 /usr/libexec/mysqld --basedir=/usr

Let's follow the official documentation to install MariaDB on the same server.

Download software

Using wget and from /opt, download the MariaDB installaton files.

[email protected]:/opt>
$ wget https://dlm.mariadb.com/1920008/MariaDB/mariadb-10.6.5/bintar-linux-systemd-x86_64/mariadb-10.6.5-linux-systemd-x86_64.tar.gz

Using tar we uncompress and extract all files.

[email protected]:/opt>
$ tar xfz mariadb-10.6.5-linux-systemd-x86_64.tar.gz

[email protected]:/opt>
$ ls -lrt
total 334508
drwxrwxr-x. 11 dbuser dba        245 Nov  6 17:09 mariadb-10.6.5-linux-systemd-x86_64
-rw-r--r--.  1 root   root 342534912 Nov  8 23:55 mariadb-10.6.5-linux-systemd-x86_64.tar.gz

[email protected]:/opt>
$ cd mariadb-10.6.5-linux-systemd-x86_64

[email protected]:/opt/mariadb-10.6.5-linux-systemd-x86_64>
$ ls -lrt
total 164
drwxr-xr-x.  2 dbuser dba  4096 Oct 22  2020 bin
drwxr-xr-x.  5 dbuser dba   273 Jul 28  2021 lib
-rw-r--r--.  1 dbuser dba 86263 Nov  5 20:03 THIRDPARTY
-rw-r--r--.  1 dbuser dba 19520 Nov  5 20:03 README-wsrep
-rw-r--r--.  1 dbuser dba  2697 Nov  5 20:03 README.md
-rw-r--r--.  1 dbuser dba  8782 Nov  5 20:03 INSTALL-BINARY
-rw-r--r--.  1 dbuser dba  2093 Nov  5 20:03 CREDITS
-rw-r--r--.  1 dbuser dba 17987 Nov  5 20:03 COPYING
drwxrwxr-x.  3 dbuser dba    19 Nov  5 20:39 include
drwxrwxr-x.  9 dbuser dba  4096 Nov  5 20:40 mysql-test
drwxrwxr-x.  4 dbuser dba  4096 Nov  5 20:40 sql-bench
drwxrwxr-x.  2 dbuser dba    56 Nov  5 20:40 scripts
drwxrwxr-x.  5 dbuser dba    42 Nov  5 20:40 man
drwxrwxr-x.  4 dbuser dba   180 Nov  5 20:40 support-files
drwxrwxr-x. 31 dbuser dba  4096 Nov  5 20:40 share
[email protected]:/opt/mariadb-10.6.5-linux-systemd-x86_64>
$

From /opt

[email protected]:/opt/mariadb-10.6.5-linux-systemd-x86_64>
$ cd ..

[email protected]:/opt>
$ ls -lrt
total 334508
drwxrwxr-x. 11 dbuser dba        245 Nov  6 17:09 mariadb-10.6.5-linux-systemd-x86_64
-rw-r--r--.  1 root   root 342534912 Nov  8 23:55 mariadb-10.6.5-linux-systemd-x86_64.tar.gz

[email protected]:/opt>
$ mkdir mariadb-data

[email protected]:/opt>
$ ln -s mariadb-10.6.5-linux-systemd-x86_64 mariadb

[email protected]:/opt>
$ ls -al
total 334508
drwxr-xr-x.  4 root   root       134 Jan 28 15:51 .
dr-xr-xr-x. 17 root   root       224 Jan 19 16:24 ..
lrwxrwxrwx.  1 root   root        35 Jan 28 15:51 mariadb -> mariadb-10.6.5-linux-systemd-x86_64
drwxrwxr-x. 11 dbuser dba        245 Nov  6 17:09 mariadb-10.6.5-linux-systemd-x86_64
-rw-r--r--.  1 root   root 342534912 Nov  8 23:55 mariadb-10.6.5-linux-systemd-x86_64.tar.gz
drwxr-xr-x.  2 root   root         6 Jan 28 15:51 mariadb-data

Create group, user and assign privileges.

We create a mariadb group, add a mariadb user and change the owner of /opt/mariadb and /opt/mariadb-10.6.5-linux-systemd-x86_64

[email protected]:/opt>
$ groupadd --system mariadb

[email protected]:/opt>
$ useradd -c "MariaDB Server" -d /opt/mariadb -g mariadb --system mariadb

[email protected]:/opt>
$ ls -lrt
total 334508
drwxrwxr-x. 11 dbuser dba        245 Nov  6 17:09 mariadb-10.6.5-linux-systemd-x86_64
-rw-r--r--.  1 root   root 342534912 Nov  8 23:55 mariadb-10.6.5-linux-systemd-x86_64.tar.gz
drwxr-xr-x.  2 root   root         6 Jan 28 15:51 mariadb-data
lrwxrwxrwx.  1 root   root        35 Jan 28 15:51 mariadb -> mariadb-10.6.5-linux-systemd-x86_64

[email protected]:/opt>
$ chown -R mariadb:mariadb mariadb-10.6.5-linux-systemd-x86_64

[email protected]:/opt>
$ chown -R mariadb:mariadb mariadb-data/

Create configuration file

I could not find the my-medium.cnf file on this path mariadb/support-files/, so instead, I used the mysql config file.

[email protected]:/opt>
$ cp /etc/my.cnf.d/mysql-server.cnf /opt/mariadb-data/my.cnf

[email protected]:/opt>
$ chown mariadb:mariadb /opt/mariadb-data/my.cnf

Edit configuration file

Edit the config file and add the following.

[email protected]:/opt>
$ vi /opt/mariadb-data/my.cnf

[client]
port            = 3307
socket          = /opt/mariadb-data/mariadb.sock

[mysqld]
datadir         = /opt/mariadb-data
basedir         = /opt/mariadb
port            = 3307
socket          = /opt/mariadb-data/mariadb.sock
user            = mariadb

log-error=/var/log/mariadb/mariadb.log
pid-file=/run/mariadb/mariadb.pid

Therefore, we create the following directories and assign privileges.

[email protected]:/opt>
$ mkdir /var/log/mariadb

[email protected]:/opt>
$ mkdir /run/mariadb

[email protected]:/opt>
$ touch /var/log/mariadb/mariadb.log

root[email protected]:/opt>
$ touch /run/mariadb/mariadb.pid

[email protected]:/opt>
$ chown mariadb:mariadb /var/log/mariadb/

[email protected]:/opt>
$ chown -R mariadb:mariadb /var/log/mariadb/

[email protected]:/opt>
$ chown -R mariadb:mariadb /run/mariadb/

Copy the init.d script from support files

[email protected]:/opt>
$ cp mariadb/support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mariadb

[email protected]:/opt>
$ chmod +x /etc/init.d/mariadb

We edit the file and update the following lines 18, 45, 46 and 57 first:

[email protected]:/opt>
$ vi /etc/init.d/mariadb

Line
18			# Provides: mariadb
45			basedir=/opt/mariadb
46			datadir=/opt/mariadb-data
57			lock_file_path="$lockdir/mariadb"

and add the following to the same file.

In the wait_for_ready() function line 255, after $bindir/mysqladmin line 260 add --defaults-file=/opt/mariadb-data/my.cnf

255 wait_for_ready () {
256
257   i=0
258   while test $i -ne $service_startup_timeout ; do
259
260     if $bindir/mysqladmin --defaults-file=/opt/mariadb-data/my.cnf ping >/dev/null 2>&1; then
261       log_success_msg
262       return 0
263     elif kill -0 $! ; then
264       :  # mysqld_safe is still running
265     else
266       # mysqld_safe is no longer running, abort the wait loop
267       break
268     fi
269
270     echo $echo_n ".$echo_c"
271     i=`expr $i + 1`
272     sleep 1
273
274   done
275
276   log_failure_msg
277   return 1
278 }

in line 309 add --defaults-file=/opt/mariadb-data/my.cnf after $bindir/mysqld_safe

307       # Give extra arguments to mysqld with the my.cnf file. This script
308       # may be overwritten at next upgrade.
309       $bindir/mysqld_safe --defaults-file=/opt/mariadb-data/my.cnf --datadir="$datadir" --pid-file="$mariadbd_pid_file_path" "[email protected]" &
310       wait_for_ready; return_value=$?

Also as mentioned in the comment section:

in line 210 add --defaults-file=/opt/mariadb-data/my.cnf after $print_defaults

210 parse_server_arguments `$print_defaults --defaults-file=/opt/mariadb-data/my.cnf $extra_args --mysqld mysql.server`
211 parse_server_arguments "[email protected]"

Run mysql_install_db

[email protected]:/opt>
$ cd mariadb

[email protected]:/opt/mariadb>
$ scripts/mysql_install_db --defaults-file=/opt/mariadb-data/my.cnf
Installing MariaDB/MySQL system tables in '/opt/mariadb-data' ...
OK

To start mysqld at boot time you have to copy
support-files/mysql.server to the right place for your system


Two all-privilege accounts were created.
One is [email protected], it has no password, but you need to
be system 'root' user to connect. Use, for example, sudo mysql
The second is [email protected], it has no password either, but
you need to be the system 'mariadb' user to connect.
After connecting you can set the password, if you would need to be
able to connect as any of these users with a password and without sudo

See the MariaDB Knowledgebase at https://mariadb.com/kb or the
MySQL manual for more instructions.

You can start the MariaDB daemon with:
cd '/opt/mariadb' ; /opt/mariadb/bin/mysqld_safe --datadir='/opt/mariadb-data'

You can test the MariaDB daemon with mysql-test-run.pl
cd '/opt/mariadb/mysql-test' ; perl mysql-test-run.pl

Please report any problems at https://mariadb.org/jira

The latest information about MariaDB is available at https://mariadb.org/.
You can find additional information about the MySQL part at:
https://dev.mysql.com
Consider joining MariaDB's strong and vibrant community:
https://mariadb.org/get-involved/

Now you can start MariaDB

$ /etc/init.d/mariadb start
Starting mariadb (via systemctl):                          [  OK  ]
[email protected]:/run>

$ /etc/init.d/mariadb status
 SUCCESS! MariaDB running (5329)
[email protected]:/run>

Connect to MySQL and MariaDB

[email protected]:/run>
$ mysql -e "SELECT VERSION();"
+-----------+
| VERSION() |
+-----------+
| 8.0.26    |
+-----------+

[email protected]:/run>
$  mysql -e "SELECT VERSION();" --socket=/opt/mariadb-data/mariadb.sock
+----------------+
| VERSION()      |
+----------------+
| 10.6.5-MariaDB |
+----------------+

Together on the same server!

Thanks to Stanislav David

Want to thank me?

Buy Me A Coffee